DFW Invasive Species

Cuban Tree Frog

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Cuban Tree Frog

Cuban tree frogs can be found on St. Thomas, St. John and St. Croix. They reside in many habitat types including urban areas, wetlands, shrubland, grasslands and mangroves. They are also known to be found in cisterns.
Scientific name
Osteopilus septentrionalis
Giant tree frog
Marbled tree toad
The Cuban tree frog is native to Cuba, Cayman Islands and the Bahamas.
The Cuban Tree frog can be distinguished from other frogs based on its large size. They are the largest tree frog in North America, and range from 2-5.5 inches long (Seaworld parks, 2020). Typically, Cuban Tree Frogs are gray, brown or green with rough, warty looking skin.
It is believed that the Cuban tree frog made its way to Florida either through shipments of potted plants, other vegetation, and/or as hitchhikers on boats, from Cuba.

From Florida, they are believed to have arrived in the USVI via plant and/or construction importation (Platenberg 2007) in the 1970s (MacLean 1982)

These frogs can live between 5 and 10 years long. Cuban tree frogs breed year-round, and a single female can lay over 1000 eggs in a single clutch. Females will lay their eggs in small, mostly freshwater pools where eggs will mature into tadpoles. Tadpoles take roughly 1 month until they are fully developed frogs (Lannoo 2005).
Ecological Impact
What You Can Do!

“Cuban Tree Frog Facts and Information | SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment”. seaworld.org. Retrieved 2020-05-22. 

MACLEAN, W. P. 1982. Reptiles and amphibians of the Virgin Islands. Macmillan Education Ltd., London. 

Collins, James P.; Crump, Martha L. (2009). Extinction in our times: global amphibian decline. New York, New York: Oxford University Press, Inc. pp. 61–62. ISBN 978-0-19-531694-0. 

Grenard, Steve (2008). Frogs and Toads. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley Publishing Inc. pp. 95–96. ISBN 978-0-470-16510-2. 

Lannoo, Michael J. (2005). Amphibian declines: the conservation status of United States species. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press. pp. 463–465. ISBN 0-520-23592-4.